On the integration of modern logistics system I

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Brief discussion on the integration of modern logistics system (I)

after decades of development, combined with the application of new technologies including system engineering, information engineering and computer technology to further strengthen the exchange and communication for the development of the global plastic industry, the connotation of modern logistics has been continuously expanded and the service function has been continuously extended, and it is developing towards a completely new comprehensive social service system

I. preface

after decades of development, combined with the application of new technologies including system engineering, information engineering and computer technology, the connotation of modern logistics continues to expand, and the service function continues to extend. It is developing towards a completely new comprehensive social service system. Integration is the primary issue in the development of modern logistics. To improve the comprehensive service function and explore the third profit source, the integration of logistics system needs to establish a correct integration view

II. Integration of modern logistics system

logistics is the process of planning and implementing control and management for the effective flow and storage of raw materials, intermediate process inventory, final products and relevant information from the starting point to the end point to meet the needs of consumers; It is a general term for transportation, loading and unloading, packaging, storage, information and circulation services. A system is an organic whole with specific functions, which is composed of several interacting and interdependent components, and this whole is a part of a larger system to which it belongs. Logistics system refers to an organic whole with specific functions in a certain time and space, which is composed of a number of dynamic elements that restrict each other, such as materials required to be moved, sintered common bricks gb/t 5101 ⑵ 003, packaging equipment, handling machinery, means of transport, storage facilities, personnel and communication links

the general trend of modern logistics is to realize the informatization, automation, networking and intelligence of logistics engineering system and meet the increasingly practical requirements of social production. The further development of logistics in the future mainly includes the expansion of connotation, process, coverage and the increasingly specialization, standardization and informatization of logistics management

compared with traditional storage and transportation, the progressiveness of modern logistics system lies in its more perfect functions, complete network, standardized management and high-quality service. In the current stage of the logistics market, the logistics industry needs a greater degree of commercial concentration. Enterprises must be able to cope with the process of industrial innovation and must face a more open and broad market. Logistics system integration refers to the connection, coordination and even reorganization between internal elements, service functions and organizations at different levels in the physical and soft environment on the basis of coordination with the external environment in order to provide efficient and high-quality comprehensive services. Logistics integration service can not only generally reduce the operation cost of logistics system, but also provide efficient and high-quality comprehensive services to meet various flexible logistics needs. Logically speaking, logistics system integration services will create a broader range of large enterprises. In this new comprehensive service field, there are traditional operators, such as express, collect freight and road transport companies; There are also new entrants, such as state-owned railways, private railways and postal companies. This comprehensive system provides unlimited development space for all these participants

at present, logistics is a major link in the loss of enterprise profits, so it has become the third profit source explored by people. However, most people in the logistics industry unconsciously create a micro logistics system view in the logistics field they are engaged in. If we do not have a macro thinking, a tentative overall connection schema, or at least a parallel analysis, it is impossible to realize the full significance of the logistics system. The integration view of logistics system is the basic view of logistics system integration. It is the basis for guiding industry leaders and enterprise managers to carry out macro comprehensive management of modern logistics industry. It is used to explore, describe and explain various interrelations of logistics system

III. industry integration of modern logistics system

1. More and more industries enter the modern logistics system

the boundary of the modern logistics system is difficult to define. Such a dynamic development system currently includes at least most of the mining, production and manufacturing, commerce, transportation, finance and banking industries in the industry, and is still expanding. In many cases, people in the industry unconsciously regard some industries as the external environment of the logistics system. Although some regard them as a part of the system, they do not consciously integrate these industries. Of course, this kind of objective integration between industries sometimes does not appear obviously in the system or hardware facilities, but in the research and actual operation of modern logistics system, both industry leaders and enterprise managers should always have such an integration view

2. The primary problem in establishing a modern logistics system is to integrate industrial resources

at present, the industry has formed five logistics systems in form: the transportation logistics system represented by marine transportation, the warehousing logistics system represented by commodity processing and distribution, the manufacturer logistics system represented by service-oriented competitive strategy The width of the sample should be revised from 60mm to 50mm. The port logistics system represented by sea and air port distribution and the emerging distribution logistics system represented by e-commerce are required. China is also forming these systems, but over the years, following the concept of planned economic system, the degree of networking is not high, and it is still in the development stage At the initial stage of the tensile test, the management authority of China's logistics industry, which was originally a systematic resource, was still divided into several departments

the transportation industry is an important part of the logistics system. It is very difficult to integrate its internal sub industries. This problem is particularly prominent in China. The segmentation between different transportation modes urgently requires the industry integration of the logistics system. In China, transportation resources such as railway, highway, aviation and sea transportation are directly under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of railways, the Ministry of communications, the General Administration of aviation and the Bureau of sea transportation, except that some newly-built cities such as Shenzhen are under the unified jurisdiction of the Bureau of transport. More importantly, the planning and development of these basic transportation modes can not achieve scientific and effective unified allocation due to serious segmentation, resulting in a huge waste of resources. In addition, each department acts in its own way, resulting in opaque information, which makes it difficult to form authoritative data of China's logistics industry

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